Atherosclerosis introduction

mayoclinic.orgIntroduction Atherosclerosis is a process which occurs on the arterial walls of the body. The risks for developing atherosclerosis increase with age. Harmful fats become deposited in plaque form on the internal walls of the arteries, these plaques are called atheroma.

What is atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis is a specific type of arteriosclerosis, but the terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Atherosclerosis refers to the buildup of fats, cholesterol and other substances in and on your artery walls (plaque), which can restrict blood flow.

What is the development of atherosclerosis?

Development of atherosclerosis. Development of atherosclerosis If you have too many cholesterol particles in your blood, cholesterol may accumulate on your artery walls. Eventually, deposits called plaques may form. The deposits may narrow — or block — your arteries. These plaques can also burst, causing a blood clot.

What are the three types of atherosclerosis?

The plaques of atherosclerosis cause the three main kinds of cardiovascular disease: Coronary artery disease: Stable plaques in your heart’s arteries cause angina (chest pain). Sudden plaque rupture and clotting cause heart muscle to die. This is a heart attack.

Is atherosclerosis asymptomatic?

Atherosclerosis is asymptomatic for decades because the arteries enlarge at all plaque locations, thus there is no effect on blood flow. Even most plaque ruptures do not produce symptoms until enough narrowing or closure of an artery, due to clots, occurs.

What is the impact of arteriosclerosis?

The impact of arteriosclerosis is the inefficient blood flow. This disease usually happens in elderly people, and refers to the walls of the arteries hardening and thickening. Naturally, after this happens, blood cannot flow through arteries as fast as it used to when the arteries weren’t sick.

How serious is atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis (also known as hardening of the arteries or stiffening of the arteries or arteriosclerosis) is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries. Atherosclerosis can lead to serious problems, including heart attack, stroke, or even death.

What is the treatment for plaque in the aorta?

Treatments for plaque of abdominal aorta range from natural methods such as making positive lifestyle changes to undergoing surgery. Treatment depends upon your individual situation and the severity of your plaque formation. In medical terms, plaque formation is known as atherosclerosis.

What are the symptoms of hardening of the arteries?

Symptoms of Hardening of the Arteries. The following features are indicative of Hardening of the Arteries: sudden weakness. numbness of the face, arms, or legs. confusion. trouble speaking. breathing problems.