Dialysis av fistula vs graft

A fistula has a lower risk of blood clots for dialysis patients. A graft has a higher risk of blood clots for dialysis patients. An AV fistula has a lower mortality rate for elderly dialysis patients. An AV graft has a higher mortality rate for elderly dialysis patients.

What is the difference between AV graft and fistula?

The fistula is created during a surgical procedure joining one of your arteries with a vein. Like a fistula, an AV graft is typically placed in the arm. But unlike a fistula, an AV graft is a synthetic tube used to surgically connect the artery and vein. This tube functions as a vein, carrying blood through the access.

How is a fistula placed for dialysis?

Dialysis fistula is a surgically created connection between the native artery and vein. They are placed in an arm or a leg and they can be made of Dacron, polyurethane, bovine vessels, PTFE or other materials.

What to do if your dialysis access is not working properly?

If you’re bleeding from your access site, you first need to try to stop the bleeding by putting gentle pressure on the area. Be sure to use a clean gauze pad when you do this to prevent infections. Know the Other Signs. Sometimes, your dialysis access will malfunction during your dialysis treatment.

How to stop a bleeding AV graft/fistula?

You also have to consider protamine if the patient is coming from dialysis because they do get heparin during dialysis. Take home points: consider throwing in some figure-of-eight sutures, using gelfoam, or possibly using medication (DDAVP, protamine) to stop the bleeding from an AV graft / fistula .

How long does AV fistula surgery take?

When wondering, “How long does AV fistula surgery take?”, this procedure is the shorter of the two. The procedure itself will take a number of hours, depending upon the circumstances of your case and the embolic substance used.

How does an AV fistula work?

An AV fistula is a surgical connection made between an artery and a vein, created by a vascular specialist. An AV fistula is typically located in your arm, however, if necessary it can be placed in the leg. With an AV fistula, blood flows from the artery directly into the vein, increasing the blood pressure and amount of blood flow through the vein.

What is AV graft?

An AV graft (sometimes called a bridge graft) is an indirect connection between the artery and vein, most commonly a plastic tube is used, but donated cadaver arteries or veins can also be used.

What is a fistula graft?

a fistula, which is made by joining together an artery and vein to make a bigger high-flow blood vessel. a graft, in which a soft plastic tube is placed between an artery and a vein, creating an artificial high-flow blood vessel. catheter access,…