Typically the aortic valve has three cusps (tricuspid aortic valve), but some people are born with an aortic valve that has two cusps (bicuspid aortic valve). Your heart has four valves that keep blood flowing in the correct direction. These valves include the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve and aortic valve.
What are the symptoms of a bad aortic valve?
Any kind of malfunctioning of the aortic heart valve create problems; sometimes which are negligible, but go on increasing as the necrosis of the valve increases. Some of the common symptoms which may occur as a result of bad aortic heart valve are: Swelling in the feet, ankles, legs and veins around the neck.
How long does it take to replace an aortic valve?
The time taken for replacing an aortic valve is averagely 3 hours; which can be more or less depending on the condition of the valves and the number of valves which have to be changed. The patient has to be at the Intensive Care Unit (I.C.U) for at least 48 to 72 hours and needs a hospital stay of at least a week.
What is the valve that leads to the aorta?
In aortic regurgitation the aortic valve becomes leaky. A leaky aortic valve often leads to significant heart problems. The aortic valve guards the opening between the left ventricle and the aorta. The aortic valve opens as the left ventricle begins to pump, allowing blood to eject out of the heart and into the aorta.
How do you replace an aortic valve?
Aortic valve replacement can be done in two ways; either by open heart surgery and by TAVR i.e. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement. In open heart surgery a big cut is made in the chest region of the patient, whereas; in TAVR a small incision is made in the chest and through that a catheter is inserted in the body of the patient.
What is the prognosis with aortic valve replacement?
Aortic Stenosis Prognosis. The prognosis for those who do not have valve replacement varies depending on the severity of AS (moderate, mild, or severe); presence and severity of symptoms (e.g., shortness of breath, fainting, chest pain); and the general health of the patient. Sixty percent of patients who have valve replacement have a 10-year post-surgery survival rate.
What are the symptoms of a faulty heart valve?
Symptoms of heart valve disease often occur with shortness of breath and heart valve problems. While the symptoms can vary with different types of valvular disease, they tend to be similar. Common symptoms include heart palpitations, chest pain or angina, and coughing.
Which is worse a leaking aortic or mitral valve?
Having severe mitral leak is probably worse than severe aortic leakage if it had come on slowly and become chronic. The heart does not tolerate sudden severe leakage of either valve.
What causes a leaky aortic valve?
The causes of a leaky valve depend on which valve is affected. A leaky aortic valve may be due to high blood pressure, an infection of the heart valve known as endocarditis, Marfan Syndrome, or rheumatic heart disease. The aortic valve may also be leaky if it only has two flaps as opposed to the normal three.