Gingivitis associated with dental plaque only

Dental plaque-induced gingival diseases are characterized as gingivitis associated with dental plaque only with or without other local contributing factors. It can be described as a bacterial infection of the gingival tissue caused by plaque (biofilm) at the gingival margin.

What is plaque associated gingivitis?

Gingivitis is an inflammatory response of the gingival tissues to the metabolic products and pathogenic toxins of bacteria found in oral plaque. Plaque-associated gingivitis most commonly presents as erythematous, edematous tissue that halos the teeth ( Figure 14-3 ).

Does gingivitis always progress to periodontitis?

Supra- and subgingival removal of plaque eliminates the inflammatory response and, in most cases, the gingival lesions will heal with a full restoration of tissue form and function. Although gingivitis does not always progress to periodontitis, periodontitis is always preceded by gingivitis. 16,17

What causes gingivitis in teeth?

Furthermore, local factors that may contribute to gingivitis include trauma, dental crowding, tooth fracture, dental prostheses/appliances, defective dental restorations, and mouth breathing. Studies also suggest that the host response plays an important role in the etiopathogenesis of gingivitis.

What is gingivitis in children?

In the early primary dentition, gingivitis is uncommon. Younger children have less plaque than adults do and appear to be less reactive to the same amount of plaque. This can be explained both by differences in bacterial composition of plaque and by developmental changes in the inflammatory response.

What is plaque induced gingivitis?

Plaque Induced Gingivitis PLAQUE INDUCED GINGIVITIS Plaque-induced gingivitis is inflammation of the gingiva resulting from bacteria located at the gingival margin. Gingivitis is prevalent at all ages of dentate population and is considered to the most common form of periodontal disease.

How does plaque lead to gingivitis?

Here’s how plaque can lead to gingivitis: Plaque forms on your teeth. Plaque is an invisible, sticky film composed mainly of bacteria that forms on your teeth when starches and sugars in food interact with bacteria normally found in your mouth. Plaque requires daily removal because it re-forms quickly.

What is gingivitis and what is it?

Jump to navigation Jump to search. Gingivitis is a non-destructive disease that causes inflammation of the gums. The most common form of gingivitis, and the most common form of periodontal disease overall, is in response to bacterial biofilms (also called plaque) that is attached to tooth surfaces, termed plaque-induced gingivitis.

What are the signs of gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a common type of periodontal disease. Signs of gingivitis include red and puffy gums, that bleed easily when the person brushes their teeth. Gingivitis often resolves with good oral hygiene, such as longer and more frequent brushing, and flossing.