How rare is polycythemia

If polycythemia is caused due to another underlying medical problem, it is referred to as secondary polycythemia. Most cases of polycythemia are secondary and are caused by another medical condition. Primary polycythemias are relatively rare. One percent to five percent of newborns can have polycythemia ( neonatal polycythemia).

What is polycythemia vera?

Key points about polycythemia vera 1 Polycythemia vera is a rare blood disorder in which there is an increase in all blood cells, particularly red blood cells. 2 The increase in blood cells makes the blood thicker. 3 Thick blood can lead to strokes or tissue and organ damage. More items…

What are the possible complications of polycythemia vera?

Possible complications of polycythemia vera include:

  • Blood clots. Increased blood thickness and decreased blood flow,…
  • Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)…
  • Problems due to high levels of red blood cells…
  • Other blood disorders. In rare cases, polycythemia vera can lead to other blood diseases,…

What are the treatments for polycythemia?

What Are the Treatments? Polycythemia vera (PV) is a rare blood cancer that causes your body to make too many red blood cells. Extra cells may not sound like a problem, but they are. They thicken your blood, which means it doesn’t flow as quickly, so it’s more like maple syrup than water.

How do they determine polycythemia?

Your doctor will want to determine both secondary polycythemia and its underlying cause. Your treatment will depend on the underlying cause. The doctor will take a medical history, ask you about your symptoms, and physically examine you. They’ll order imaging tests and blood tests. One of the secondary polycythemia indications is a hematocrit test.

What can you do to manage polycythemia vera?

Treatment

  • Blood withdrawals. The most common treatment for polychythemia vera is having frequent blood withdrawals, using a needle…
  • Treatments to reduce itching. If you have bothersome itching, your doctor may prescribe medication, such as…
  • Drugs that reduce the number of red blood cells. If phlebotomy alone doesn’t help enough, your doctor may suggest…

What drugs are used to treat polycythemia vera?

Some of the different medications used in the treatment of Polycythemia vera include: Anagrelide. Agrylin. Busulfan. Buslfex. Myleran.

What are my treatment options for polycythemia vera?

Treatment Options For Polycythemia Vera Phlebotomy. Phlebotomy is usually the first treatment a doctor will try on a patient with polycythemia vera. Low-Dose Acetylsalicylic Acid. Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) has long been used to treat fever, inflammation, and pain. Itching Therapy. Avoid Extreme Temperatures. Get More Exercise.

What do you recommend for polycythemia vera?

There’s no cure for polycythemia vera. Treatment focuses on reducing your risk of complications. These treatments may also ease your symptoms. Treatment to reduce symptoms might include: Low-dose aspirin. Your doctor may recommend that you take a low dose of aspirin to reduce your risk of blood clots.