Most of the time this viral diarrhea is highly contagious and easily spread from one person to another, particularly among children. Less often bacteria or protozoa (single-celled microbes) may also cause diarrhea, either directly or due to the action of their toxins.
Is diarrhea a disease?
It depends: Diarrhea is not a disease but a symptoms. Many of the diseases which cause diarrhea are communicable (viral diseases, hepatitis a, clostridium diffic…
What is the most common cause of diarrhea in children?
Norovirus, also known as the “cruise ship virus,” is the most common cause of food-borne gastroenteritis in the U.S. Rotavirus is the most common cause of diarrhea in American children and a leading cause of death of children in the developing world. Adenoviruses include a family of more than 50 subtypes.
Is acute diarrhea contagious?
Therefore diarrhea caused by infections may or may not be contagious, depending on the cause. Most cases of acute diarrhea are due to infections and specifically viral infections. This type of viral diarrhea is commonly referred to as the ‘stomach flu’.
How is diarrhea transmitted?
Infectious diarrhea due to bacterial or parasitic food poisoning or due to rotavirus infection can be transmitted by stool-to-mouth (fecal-oral) route (with hands, water, food, toys and other objects contaminated with the stool). Additionally, viral diarrhea can be contracted by droplet infection,…
Is diarrhea a serious condition?
Diarrhea is often considered to be an embarrassing and inconvenient condition that impedes with daily activities. While chronic bouts of diarrhea might indicate a serious health condition that requires consultation with a doctor, most cases of diarrhea can easily be avoided.
Why have I had diarrhea for months?
Causes of Chronic Diarrhea. Diarrhea that goes on for weeks or months may be caused by an infection, or it may be caused by an underlying medical condition. Here are some of the possible causes of chronic diarrhea and there are many more. If you have had diarrhea for more than three days, seek help from your doctor.
How diarrhea is diagnosed?
Possible tests include: Blood test. A complete blood count test can help indicate what’s causing your diarrhea. Stool test. Your doctor might recommend a stool test to see if a bacterium or parasite is causing your diarrhea. Flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy.
What causes persistent diarrhea?
Persistent Diarrhea Malabsorption. “Toddler’s diarrhea,” one of the most common causes of persistent diarrhea, is caused by a diet low in fat and high in sugar and fluids (usually from fruit juices).