studyblue.comDiabetes mellitus represents the most significant endocrine disorder. In particular, type 2 diabetes is considered the fastest-growing chronic disease, being responsible for approximately 5 million deaths per annum.
What is a simple explanation of type 2 diabetes?
type 2 diabetes. or type 2 diabetes mellitus. n. A disease marked by high glucose levels in the blood and impaired metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, caused by the body’s inability to respond effectively to insulin, combined with inadequate production of insulin by the pancreas.
What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2?
Type 1 diabetes is considered as the autoimmune disease, while Type 2 is said as progressive disease. Also, Type 2 is much more common than the type 1. Both the types are characterized by the higher blood sugar level as compared to the normal one. But the basic difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes is their cause and development.
Is type 2 diabetes known as insulin dependent diabetes?
Patients have to be given the hormone, which is why the condition is also known of as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Type 2 diabetes mellitus is also called non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), since it can be treated with lifestyle changes and/or types of medication other than insulin therapy.
What does type 2 diabetes do?
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose) — an important source of fuel for your body. With type 2 diabetes, your body either resists the effects of insulin — a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells — or doesn’t produce enough insulin to maintain normal glucose levels.
What do you need to know about type 2 diabetes?
In type 2 diabetes, your body isn’t able to effectively use insulin to bring glucose into your cells. This causes your body to rely on alternative energy sources in your tissues, muscles, and organs. This is a chain reaction that can cause a variety of symptoms. Type 2 diabetes can develop slowly.
What are the common signs of type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes (T2D), formerly known as adult-onset diabetes, is a form of diabetes that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin. Common symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss.
What medications cause type 2 diabetes?
There are a number of medications and other health problems that can predispose to diabetes. Some of the medications include: glucocorticoids, thiazides, beta blockers, atypical antipsychotics, and statins. Those who have previously had gestational diabetes are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
What is type 2 diabetes treatment is best for You?
Metformin is generally the preferred initial medication for treating type 2 diabetes, unless there’s a specific reason not to use it. Metformin is effective, safe, and inexpensive. It may reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. Metformin also has beneficial effects when it comes to reducing A1C results.