Keratoconus what is it

Keratoconus is a progressive eye disease in which the normally round cornea thins and begins to bulge into a cone-like shape. This cone shape deflects light as it enters the eye on its way to the light-sensitive retina, causing distorted vision. Keratoconus can occur in one or both eyes and often begins during a person’s teens or early 20s.

What is keratoconus, and how can it be treated?

Treatment for keratoconus depends on the severity of your condition and how quickly the condition is progressing. Mild to moderate keratoconus can be treated with eyeglasses or contact lenses.

What do patients need to know about keratoconus?

How is keratoconus diagnosed?

  • Corneal topography. . This is the most accurate way to diagnose early keratoconus and follow its progression. A…
  • Slit-lamp exam. . This examination of the cornea can help detect abnormalities in the outer and middle layers of the…
  • Pachymetry. . This test is used to measure the thinnest areas of the cornea. How is keratoconus treated?

What does keratoconus look like?

Keratoconus is a progressive eye disease in which the normally round cornea thins and begins to bulge into a cone-like shape. This cone shape deflects light as it enters the eye on its way to the light-sensitive retina, causing distorted vision.

How to treat keratoconus?

Keratoconus treatment depends on your symptoms. When your symptoms are mild, your vision can be corrected with eyeglasses. Later you may need to wear special hard contact lenses to help keep vision in proper focus. Here are other ways that your ophthalmologist might treat keratoconus: Intacs.

What does keratoconus mean?

Keratoconus is an eye condition where the normally round cornea progressively becomes thin and cone-shaped. The shape irregularity stops light from entering the eye and focusing properly on the retina, causing distorted vision.

How is keratoconus diagnosed?

Mar. 21, 2019. Keratoconus can be diagnosed through a routine eye exam. Your ophthalmologist will examine your cornea, and may measure its curve. This helps show if there is a change in its shape. Your ophthalmologist may also map your cornea’s surface using a special computer.

How can keratoconus be corrected?

Mild nearsightedness and astigmatism caused by keratoconus may be corrected with prescription glasses and soft contact lenses. More advanced stages of the disorder may require the use of rigid gas permeable contact lenses. In some cases, a corneal transplant is needed, but patients will still need to use glasses and contacts to see clearer.