In 2011, Mayo Clinic doctors developed the Microscopic Colitis Disease Activity Index — a diagnostic tool that helps provide an objective and consistent way to assess the severity of someone’s microscopic colitis, including diarrhea, abdominal pain, urgency and incontinence.
How dangerous is microscopic colitis?
Microscopic colitis is a type of inflammation of the colon, or large intestine, that can cause watery diarrhea and cramping. It can be painful and unpleasant.
How to cope with microscopic colitis?
- Diet and discontinuation of medication. Treatment usually begins with changes to your diet and medications that may help relieve persistent diarrhea.
- Surgery. When the symptoms of microscopic colitis are severe, and medications aren’t effective, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove all or part of your colon.
How do you cure microscopic colitis?
There is no known cure for microscopic colitis and is generally treated with medication and lifestyle changes – such as diet, exercise and reducing stress. Some people with microscopic colitis do have surgery to remove parts of their colon and rectum which are affected, but this is rare.
Which drugs cause microscopic colitis?
Certain medications which researchers have identified as drugs, which can possibly cause Microscopic Colitis are: NSAIDs like aspirin and ibuprofen. Prevacid. Precose. Zantac. Zoloft. Ticlid. Carbamazepine.
What is microscopic colitis?
Microscopic colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease in which the colon (the large intestine) becomes inflamed (swollen, irritated).
Can microscopic colitis cause diarrhea?
Inflammation can damage the lining of your colon and cause long-term diarrhea. Microscopic colitis may be caused by an infection, higher levels of acid in your colon, or the cause may not be known. What increases my risk for microscopic colitis? What are the signs and symptoms of microscopic colitis? How is microscopic colitis diagnosed?
How do you diagnose microscopic colitis?
The symptoms may get better and then return. To help diagnose microscopic colitis, your doctor may ask you to have a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy. Both procedures use a tube with a camera on it to inspect the colon. During the procedure, your doctor collects tissue samples to check for signs of microscopic colitis.
Can microscopic colitis come and go?
The symptoms of microscopic colitis can come and go frequently. Sometimes the symptoms resolve on their own. If you have watery diarrhea that lasts more than a few days, contact your doctor so that your condition can be diagnosed and properly treated. It’s not clear what causes the inflammation of the colon found in microscopic colitis.