An electrolyte disorder occurs when the levels of electrolytes in your body are either too high or too low. Electrolytes need to be maintained in an even balance for your body to function properly. Otherwise, vital body systems can be affected. Severe electrolyte imbalances can cause serious problems such as coma, seizures, and cardiac arrest.
What is most dangerous of the electrolyte imbalances?
The things that most commonly cause an electrolyte imbalance are:
- not drinking enough fluids
- not eating enough
- excessive sweating
- certain medications, such as laxatives and diuretics
- eating disorders
- liver or kidney problems
- cancer treatment
- congestive heart failure
How do I correct an electrolyte imbalance?
In general, treatment includes identifying and treating the underlying problem causing the electrolyte imbalance, providing intravenous fluids and providing the specific electrolyte replacement. Minor electrolyte imbalances may be corrected by diet changes.
What throws off electrolyte imbalance?
A number of things can cause an electrolyte imbalance, including: fluid loss from heavy exercise or physical activity vomiting and diarrhea medications such as diuretics, antibiotics, and chemotherapy drugs alcoholism and cirrhosis heart failure kidney disease diabetes eating disorders severe burns some forms of cancer
What are the side effects of electrolyte imbalance?
The side effects of electrolyte imbalance (when electrolytes are too high or low, which changes the amount of water in the body) include high blood pressure and the heart having to work harder than normal, according to Harvard Medical School. An electrolyte imbalance can even cause a visit to the emergency department.
What is the most serious electrolyte disturbance?
The most serious electrolyte disturbances involve abnormalities in the levels of sodium, potassium or calcium. Other electrolyte imbalances are less common, and often occur in conjunction with major electrolyte changes.
What is the most common electrolyte imbalance?
The kidneys can also generate dilute urine to balance sodium levels. These electrolytes must be replaced to keep the electrolyte concentrations of the body fluids constant. Hyponatremia, or low sodium, is the most commonly seen type of electrolyte imbalance.
Is electrolyte imbalance dangerous?
Because these crucial nutrients help stimulate nerves throughout the body and balance fluid levels, an electrolyte imbalance can cause a variety of serious negative symptoms, including some that are potentially deadly.
What is the nursing assessment for electrolyte imbalance?
Nursing Assessment for Risk for Electrolyte Imbalance Assessment Rationale Monitor serum electrolyte levels. The levels of electrolytes in the body c Sodium 136 to 145 mEq/L Potassium 3.5 to 5.1 mEq/L Chloride 98 to 107 mEq/L 12 more rows