What causes low neutrophils and low lymphocytes

slideshare.netAbnormally low neutrophil count (neutropenia) as well as a high lymphocyte count (lymphocytosis) can be the result of viral infection or an indication of the adult-onset form of cyclic neutropenia, certain lymphoproliferative disorders like lymphomas and leukemias or certain autoimmune diseases.

What illnesses cause a low absolute lymphocyte count?

One of the causes of low lymphocyte count is Myelofibrosis. It is a bone marrow disorder that affects the normal production of blood cells. This condition can lead to an enlarged spleen, fatigue, weakness, and severe anemia.

What are the symptoms of high neutrophils?

Sudden fatigue and Abrupt weight loss are also indications of high neutrophils. If you feel weak and weary all the time and can’t function properly paired by weight loss and pale skin, a visit to the doctor is advised.

What happens if your lymphocytes count is low?

When a person has low lymphocytes count, his or her body becomes less resistant to infections, and can catch severe infections like cancer and tumors. Low lymphocytes count may also result in damage to other organs of the body.

What causes elevated lymphocytes?

Causes of high lymphocyte counts. Common reasons for a high count of lymphocytes include infections, autoimmune disorders that cause chronic inflammation, and cancer of the lymphatic system or blood.

What causes low absolute lymphocytes?

Auto-immune disease such as rheumatoid arthritis will also cause a dramatic drop in their count. Certain types of cancers, especially the ones concerning the blood and lymph, can also cause a low lymphocytes count. So a low absolute lymphocyte count can be due to an infection, drugs, therapy or some diseases.

What are the symptoms of low lymphocyte count?

The symptoms are however different depending on person to person. Swollen or enlarged lymph nodes and abnormal size of spleen are the indicators of cancer or HIV infection. The low lymphocyte count cause is generally a cancer which is growing inside the body. Fever, persistent cough and flu are the indicators of viral infections in the body.

What is the absolute lymphocyte count?

Lymphocytopenia is defined as an absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) < 1.0 × 10 3 cells/µL. Anemia is defined as hemoglobin < 14 gm/dL for men or < 12 gm/dL for women. Thrombocytopenia is defined as platelet count < 150.0 × 10 3 cells/µL. Leukopenia is defined as leukocyte count < 4.4 × 10 3 cells/µL.

Why is lymphocyte low?

The most common reason for a decreased lymphocyte count is an underlying viral infection. As more and more lymphocytes will be involved in fighting off the infection, the count of the lymphocytes would be low when tested.