slideshare.netThe term ‘HIV positive’ means someone is infected with the virus, HIV. This means HIV has been found in that person’s blood. You can not tell if someone is HIV positive unless they have had a HIV test. For more information on HIV transmission and testing please se the i-Base factsheet 4 comments Lisa Thorley• 15 March 2017 Hi Karima,
What are the chances of being HIV positive?
The actual chance of becoming infected with HIV during a single sexual experience – even with a partner who is known to be HIV-positive – is rather low: one study put the chance for a woman becoming infected by an HIV-positive male through vaginal sex at 1 in 1000.
What happens if your HIV positive?
When your immune system responds, it starts to make antibodies. When this happens, you will test positive for HIV. After the first flu-like symptoms, some people with HIV stay healthy for ten years or longer. But during this time, HIV is damaging your immune system.
What is in a HIV test shows that you have HIV?
HIV antigen/antibody tests are also known as combination tests or fourth generation tests. This type of test can detect proteins (or antigens) from HIV, as well as antibodies for HIV. If a person contracts HIV, the virus will produce a protein known as p24 before the immune system produces antibodies.
What do I do if my HIV test is positive?
If your HIV test result is positive, you may need to get a follow-up test to be sure you have HIV. Your health care provider or counselor may talk with you about your risk factors, answer questions about your general health, and discuss next steps with you, especially if your result is positive.
What are the chances of getting born with HIV?
The lower the mother’s viral load during pregnancy and birth, the lower the risk of infecting her baby. A baby’s chances of being born with HIV are less than 1 in 100 when the mother has a viral load so low that it’s undetectable.
What are the risks of getting HIV?
The risk of getting HIV varies widely depending on the type of exposure or behavior (such as sharing needles or having sex without a condom). Some exposures to HIV carry a much higher risk of transmission than other exposures.
Can you have sex with someone with HIV?
Have sex with an HIV-positive person when you have a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Unprotected sex. Risky sexual behavior is one of the most common ways HIV spreads from person to person. When you have sex, you exchange body fluids with your partner. You’re at a higher HIV risk if you have:
Can HIV be diagnosed with false positive?
With current methods of testing for HIV, incorrect diagnoses are very uncommon. But in rare cases, some people do receive a false-positive or false-negative result after being tested for HIV. In general, it takes multiple tests to accurately diagnose HIV. A positive test result for HIV will require additional testing to confirm the result.