There are two main reasons for cretinism: Lack of thyroid gland and failure of the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormone (congenital cretinism or congenital iodine deficiency syndrome). Iodine deficiency in the diet (Endemic cretinism). In children, hypothyroidism is the cause of cretinism.
What is the meaning of cretinism?
Definition of cretinism. : a usually congenital condition marked by physical stunting and intellectual disability and caused by severe hypothyroidism.
What is the origin of the derogatory term “Cretan”?
The English derogatory term “cretin” is of unclear origin, but probably derives from Cretan the way the term Gypsy derived from Egyptian and Jew from Judah.
Can cretinism be detected during pregnancy?
As endemic cretinism arises from a deficiency of iodine in the diet, iodine administration has established itself as a health policy in many countries. The detection of newborns can help detect the disorder in the first trimester of pregnancy. Adequate intake of iodine in the diet of pregnant mothers can also prevent cretinism in babies.
What does cretinism mean?
a congenital condition characterized by severe hypothyroidism and often associated with other endocrine abnormalities. Myxedema is the acquired form of hypothyroidism. Typical signs of cretinism include dwarfism, mental deficiency, puffy facial features, dry skin, large tongue, umbilical hernia, and muscular incoordination.
Is cretinism a congenital disorder?
Cretinism is a congenital disorder meaning it is present at birth. In this disorder, there is reduced or absent thyroid function as well as the production of thyroid hormone. If this condition is not treated in time, it may result in severe
What are the signs of cretinism?
Myxedema is the acquired form of hypothyroidism. Typical signs of cretinism include dwarfism, mental deficiency, puffy facial features, dry skin, large tongue, umbilical hernia, and muscular incoordination.
What is cretinism in babies?
Cretinism 1 Cretinism is a congenital disorder meaning it is present at birth. 2 This is an organ that is located within the lower part… 3 Cretinism Causes. While the exact cause of cretinism is not known,… 4 Signs & Symptoms. In most cases, the newborns show no symptoms at time of birth, and if they do,…