An echocardiogram (echo) is a test that uses high frequency sound waves (ultrasound) to make pictures of your heart. The test is also called echocardiography or diagnostic cardiac ultrasound.
What to expect during an echocardiogram?
An echocardiogram exam usually includes a Doppler recording of the blood movement or flow within the heart. When color flow Doppler is used in the exam, it will appear as different colors moving within the white and black images on the monitor. The different colors represent the different speeds and directions of blood flow in the heart.
What is the difference between an echocardiogram and an EKG?
The key difference between EKG and echocardiogram is that the EKG (Electrocardiogram) measures the electrical activity in the heart while echocardiogram uses ultrasound to take a picture to show the internal structure of the heart and the blood flow through it.
What are normal echocardiogram results?
The test may look at specific measurements, such as how much blood is pumping out of a filled ventricle during each heartbeat, or the amount of blood pumping through the heart in one minute. The measurement is listed as an ejection fraction, or EF. Normal EF results range between 55 and 65 percent.
What can an echocardiogram detect?
Echocardiography is used to provide information on heart size. It can provide accurate dimensions of the chambers of the heart and also the thickness of the heart walls. It can therefore be used to detect heart chamber or wall enlargement known as hypertrophy.
What do they do when having an echocardiogram?
An echocardiogram is a diagnostic medical test that utilizes sound waves, similar to ultrasound, to generate images of the heart. Typically, the echocardiogram allows the physician to view how well the heart is beating. In addition, this procedure can show how effectively the heart is pumping blood.
How should I prepare for the echocardiogram?
There is no preparation for the echocardiogram. You can eat and drink like normal before the ultrasound. You may just want to make sure that you use the restroom before you check in for your echo, as you may be in the exam room for 30 minutes or more.
What to expect after echocardiography?
After the procedure, the technologist will wipe the gel from your chest and remove the ECG electrode pads. You may then put on your clothes. What happens after an echocardiogram? You may resume your usual diet and activities unless your doctor tells you differently. Generally, there is no special type of care after an echo.
How often should an echocardiogram be performed?
Introduction. She suggests that an echocardiogram be performed every 5 years when there is mild regurgitation and normal end-systolic dimension (ESD) and normal ejection fraction (EF) of the left ventricle; every 1-2 years when there is moderate regurgitation with normal ESD and EF; annually when there is moderate regurgitation…