What is hyponatremia definition

Low sodium level is a condition in which the amount of sodium in the blood is lower than normal. The medical name of this condition is hyponatremia.

What are the most common hyponatremia causes?

Hyponatraemia usually occurs with changes in the body fluid levels and can be divided into three groups:

  • Euvolaemic – body fluid levels are normal.
  • Hypovolaemia – reduced body fluid levels, the most common cause of which is dehydration.
  • Hypervolaemic – increased body fluid levels, an example of which is heart failure leading to fluid retention.

What are the clinical manifestations of hyponatremia?

Patients with severe hyponatremia may present with nausea, headache, lethargy, confusion, coma or respiratory arrest. If hyponatremia develops rapidly, muscular twitches, irritability and convulsions can occur. The only manifestations of chronic hyponatremia may be lethargy, confusion and malaise.

What are the results of critically low sodium?

As the swelling progresses, additional symptoms might include hallucinations, loss of consciousness and coma. Since sodium also plays a role in muscle contraction, critically low sodium levels can also cause muscle weakness, cramps or spasms.

What will make your sodium levels drop?

What Will Make Your Sodium Levels Drop? Taking Water Pills. Water pills, known as diuretics, rid your body of excess water weight caused by congestive heart failure and other chronic conditions. Hormonal Issues. Hormones primarily regulate the biochemical processes that go on in your body. Additional Causes. Your medications could be causing your low sodium level.

What are the problems associated with hyponatremia?

Severe hyponatremia – Severe hyponatremia can lead to problems such as disorientation, agitation, neurological deficits, seizures, edema of the brain and even coma.

What are the possible complications of hyponatremia?

Acute hyponatremia can lead to much more severe complications such as cerebral edema, brain disease, herniation of the brain, cardiopulmonary arrest, seizure, coma and even death.

Which diuretic causes more hyponatremia?

Hyponatremia is an uncommon, but serious, complication of diuretic therapy. [ 6, 7] Thiazide diuretics are more likely than loop diuretics to cause hyponatremia Hyponatremia A condition where sodium levels in the blood are abnormally low. . Loop diuretics inhibit sodium (Na +) transport in the renal medulla and prevent the generation of a maximal osmotic gradient.

What are causes of hypovolemic hypernatremia?

Hypovolemic hyponatremia is an electrolyte imbalance which will originate from a number of causes. Failure of primary body organs such as heart failure, liver failure, and kidney failure are among the most common causes for this disorder. Along with congestive heart failure and kidney disease,…