What is rai therapy

slideshare.netBecause of this, radioactive iodine (RAI, also called I-131) can be used to treat thyroid cancer. The RAI collects mainly in thyroid cells, where the radiation can destroy the thyroid gland and any other thyroid cells (including cancer cells) that take up iodine, with little effect on the rest of your body.

What is radioiodine therapy?

Radioiodine therapy is a nuclear treatment for an overactive thyroid, a condition called hyperthyroidism. It is also used for the treatment of thyroid cancer. Radioactive iodine is an isotope of iodine that emits radiation and is used for medical purposes.

What are the side effects of RAI therapy?

Risks and side effects. Your body will give off radiation for some time after you get RAI therapy. Depending on the dose of radioiodine used and where you are being treated, you might need to be in the hospital for a few days after treatment, staying in a special isolation room to prevent others from being exposed to radiation.

What is the best diet for RAI therapy?

Preparing for RAI therapy. This drug is given daily for 2 days, followed by RAI on the 3 rd day. Most doctors also recommend that you follow a low iodine diet for 1 or 2 weeks before treatment. This means avoiding foods that contain iodized salt and red dye #3, as well as dairy products, eggs, seafood, and soy.

How does Rai affect the thyroid?

Similarly, the thyroid gland absorbs the RAI when it swallowed. Then, the radiation attached to the iodine damages the thyroid cells. Over time, the thyroid gland produces less thyroid hormone. Because no other organ in the body use iodine, the RAI does not affect any other part of the body.

What are the side effects of radioactive iodine treatment?

Because treatment is highly targeted, even the most common side effects of radioactive iodine are relatively rare. One possible side effect is nausea, which may linger for several hours after treatment is administered, and can be reduced by avoiding food for two or three hours before and after treatment.

How long does radioactive iodine therapy take?

Radioactive Iodine. This is a medication you take by mouth to help shrink your thyroid. It generally takes 3 to 6 months to work. Because taking this medication makes your thyroid slow down, there’s a risk that you can develop hypothyroidism.

How much does radioactive iodine treatment cost?

At the Toronto General Hospital, the cost for outpatient radioactive iodine for the treatment of hyperthyroidism may range from $250 to $400 CAD, which is not that different from a years supply of medications (PTU or methimazole) used to treat hyperthyroidism. “.

What are the dangers of radioactive iodine?

Some of the risks associated with radioactive iodine include radiation exposure, infertility in men, salivary dysfunction, nasolacrimal duct obstruction, and secondary malignancies. This doesn’t mean that there isn’t a time and place for conventional medical treatment,…