What is zinc deficiency

Zinc deficiency is an established risk factor for diarrheal illness, predicting both diarrheal frequency and severity in malnourished pediatric populations [15]. It has been reported that zinc deficiency restricts cellular proliferation and growth [18].

What are the symptoms of a zinc deficiency?

Getty Images. Because zinc plays such an important role in your body, the symptoms of a deficiency can show up in a hundred ways. But some of the more common symptoms include diarrhea, hair loss, eye and skin conditions, impotence, and loss of appetite, says Sylvia Melendez-Klinger, RD, a certified personal trainer and food industry consultant.

What do you need to know about zinc deficiency?

Fast facts on zinc deficiency:

  • The body uses zinc for several important processes.
  • The National Institutes of Health say zinc deficiency is rare in the United States. However, if a person has a poor diet, they are more likely to be deficient.
  • Doctors often recommend supplements for zinc deficiency.

What does the deficiency of zinc in human body causes?

Zinc deficiency affects the skin and gastrointestinal tract; brain and central nervous system, immune, skeletal, and reproductive systems. Zinc deficiency in humans is caused by reduced dietary intake , inadequate absorption , increased loss , or increased body system use . The most common cause is reduced dietary intake.

Who is at higher risk for zinc deficiency?

Older adults are at risk for zinc deficiency because they may not eat or have access to a wide variety of foods. Taking some medications can also increase the body’s release of zinc. Examples include taking thiazide diuretics, such as chlorthalidone or hydrochlorothiazide.

What diseases are associated with zinc deficiency?

The mechanism of zinc deficiency in some diseases has not been well defined; it may be multifactorial. Wilson’s disease, sickle cell disease, chronic kidney disease, chronic liver disease have all been associated with zinc deficiency.

What are the signs of low zinc levels?

When the levels of zinc in the body are down, the patient will experience various problems. Low zinc levels symptoms include: Impotence in men. Loss of appetite. Stunted growth. Diarrhea.

What are effects of zinc deficiency on the body?

Side-effects Irritability, headache, lethargy. Unpleasant taste in the mouth. There have been reports of anosmia with intranasal zinc preparations. Gastrointestinal effects, including abdominal pain, dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, gastric irritation, and gastritis. Prolonged use of high doses of zinc can result in deficiency of copper.

What causes low zinc?

Zinc deficiency or hypozincemia is caused by lack of zinc in the diet. It can also be caused by other diseases such as liver disease, cystic fibrosis, and even congenital abnormalities.