What pathogen is lyme disease

Lyme disease is an infectious tick-borne disease caused by the bacterium B. burgdorferi. In California, where the study took place, Western black-legged ticks are responsible for transmitting the disease to humans.

What is the bacteria that causes Lyme disease?

Lyme disease is an infection caused by several strains of the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb). The bacteria is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected tick. These ticks can also transmit other diseases and infect pets and livestock.

What symptoms does Lyme disease cause?

Early signs and symptoms include fever, chills, headache, fatigue, muscle and joint pain, and swollen lymph nodes — all common in the flu. In up to 80% of Lyme infections, a rash is one of the first symptoms, Aucott says. Without treatment, symptoms can progress. They might include: Severe headache or neck stiffness.

What do pathogens cause illness by producing toxins?

Pathogens affect all living organisms and cause illness to humans in a variety of different ways. They can damage tissues or cells by producing toxins as they replicate. While some pathogens cause mild problems, others can be life threatening.

Does Lymes go away?

Lyme disease cannot go away on its own and you will require an antibiotics treatment for about two weeks or even a month. The earlier the diagnosis of the illnesses, the more positive the results of treatment are and the disease will go away faster. On the contrary, if Lyme disease isn’t detected early enough,…

How does Lyme disease bacteria spread through the body?

The Lyme disease bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi, is spread through the bite of infected ticks. The blacklegged tick (or deer tick, Ixodes scapularis) spreads the disease in the northeastern, mid-Atlantic, and north-central United States. The western blacklegged tick (Ixodes pacificus) spreads the disease on the Pacific Coast.

What are facts about Lyme disease?

Lyme disease (Lyme borreliosis) facts Lyme disease is an illness that is spread by bites from ticks infected by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia mayonii, Borrelia afzelii, or Borrelia garinii. Lyme disease can affect the skin, joints, heart, and the nervous system.

What symptoms does Lyme disease cause?

Early signs and symptoms include fever, chills, headache, fatigue, muscle and joint pain, and swollen lymph nodes — all common in the flu. In up to 80% of Lyme infections, a rash is one of the first symptoms, Aucott says. Without treatment, symptoms can progress. They might include: Severe headache or neck stiffness.

What is the source of Lyme disease?

Lyme disease is classified as a zoonosis, as it is transmitted to humans from a natural reservoir among small mammals and birds by ticks that feed on both sets of hosts. Hard-bodied ticks of the genus Ixodes are the main vectors of Lyme disease (also the vector for Babesia).