Why does anemia cause glossitis

Pernicious anemia is usually caused by autoimmune destruction of gastric parietal cells. Parietal cells secrete intrinsic factor which is required for the absorption of vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 deficiency results in megaloblastic anemia and may present as glossitis.Specialty: 

What is glossitis and how is it treated?

Glossitis Treatment. The treatment of glossitis is usually directed towards ways and means to reduce the inflammation of the tongue. The first step for either preventing or treating would require proper maintenance of one’s oral hygiene which includes regular and thorough brushing of the teeth and flossing.

What to know about glossitis?

Common symptoms of glossitis include:

  • a swollen tongue
  • pain in the tongue
  • burning or itching in the tongue
  • change in the texture of the surface of the tongue due to the change in the size and shape of papillae
  • different color of the tongue’s surface
  • loss of ability to speak or eat properly
  • difficulty swallowing

What is glossitis symptoms?

Glossitis Symptoms. Symptoms and signs of glossitis can include: Mouth pain or burning that affects entire mouth. Oral lesions. Mouth ulcer. Tongue pain or tingling sensation. Redness of the tongue. Swelling of the tongue.

What is the treatment for glossitis?

Medications, such as antibiotics, are prescribed if the glossitis occurs as a result of an infection. If there is fungal infection, then antifungal medication is prescribed. Pain killers are prescribed to alleviate the pain.

Can glossitis be treated?

Generally, glossitis responds well to treatment once a doctor has determined the underlying cause. Doctors may prescribe medications for people with glossitis that is caused by disease or infection. Antibiotic, antifungal, or antiviral drugs may help clear up a bacterial, fungal, or viral infection, respectively.

What does glossitis mean?

Glossitis can mean soreness of the tongue, or more usually inflammation with depapillation of the dorsal surface of the tongue (loss of the lingual papillae), leaving a smooth and erythematous (reddened) surface 1), sometimes specifically termed atrophic glossitis. In a wider sense, glossitis can mean inflammation of the tongue generally 2).

What is the prevalence of glossitis?

One review reported overall prevalence ranges of 0.1–14.3% for geographic tongue, 1.3–9.0% for “atrophy tongue” (atrophic glossitis), and 0.0–3.35% for median rhomboid glossitis.