Why is my potassium level elevated

Kidney problems due to diabetes, glomerulonephritis, lupus nephritis, and acute or chronic kidney failure may cause a high level of potassium in the body. Hormone deficiencies related to problems with the adrenal gland, such as Addison’s disease, traumatic injury, or tissue damage can also cause potassium buildup.

What are the symptoms of an elevated potassium level?

Signs and symptoms. The symptoms of an elevated potassium level are nonspecific, and generally include malaise, palpitations, shortness of breath, and muscle weakness. Hyperventilation may indicate a compensatory response to metabolic acidosis, which is one of the possible causes of hyperkalemia.

What causes elevated potassium levels?

An elevated level of potassium can have many causes. The main causes of a high potassium level are kidney problems or kidney failure, diseases of the adrenal gland, loss of potassium from inside of cells into the blood circulation, and taking certain medications.

Why is a high level of potassium dangerous to the body?

The most dangerous problem with high potassium is its potential to cause the heart to stop . Potassium causes changes in the electrical impulses in the heart muscles, which result in abnormal heart rhythms, cardiac arrhythmia or heart palpitations. If hyperkalemia is left untreated, the heart will stop as its electrical activity is suppressed.

What does it mean if your potassium level is elevated?

High potassium levels in the blood may be a sign of kidney diseases or other medical conditions. Hyperkalemia or elevated potassium levels can cause grave problems if left untreated. The normal range of potassium in the blood is 3.7 – 5.2 milliequivalents per liter. Potassium level above this marking is considered hyperkalemia.

What are the symptoms of a high potassium level?

General symptoms of dangerously high blood potassium levels include fatigue, weakness, nausea and vomiting.

What are the signs of too much potassium in the body?

Mild symptoms of too much potassium include an upset stomach, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, and bloating or gas. These side effects can occur when the amount of potassium in the blood stream is still considered safe.

What are the warning signs of low potassium?

Identifying the Signs. Watch for early warning signs. The first signs of moderately low potassium can be muscle aches, cramps and abnormal weakness ((including respiratory and gastrointestinal muscle weakness if severe).

What medications can raise your levels of potassium?

Which medications can raise potassium levels?

  • Spironolactone. Spironolactone (Aldactone) is known as a potassium-sparing diuretic.
  • Cyclosporine and tacrolimus. Cyclosporine and tacrolimus are used in organ transplant patients to prevent rejection-related complications.
  • Heparin.
  • Propranolol and labetalol.